Nutritional supplementation during the preschool years influences body size and composition of Guatemalan adolescents.
Nutrition in early childhood and its long-term functional significance. Symposium. Anaheim CA USA, 1992/04/06.
Effects of supplementary feeding during early childhood on body size and composition at adolescence are examined in a population with marked growth failure in the first 3 y of life.
The data came from a supplementation trial conducted in rural Guatemala from 1969 to 1977 and a 1988-89 follow-up study of the same subjects at adolescence.
Two pairs of villages participated in the trial.
One village from each pair received a high protein-energy supplement (Atole), which significantly improved dietary intakes, whereas the other village of the pair received a low-energy, no-protein supplement (Fresco), which did not impact appreciably on dietary intakes.
Children from Atole villages grew better during the preschool period than children from Fresco villages.
At adolescence, subjects from Atole villages were taller, weighed more and had greater fat-free masses than subjects from Fresco villages.
Differences in height at adolescence were slightly reduced in magnitude relative to differences at 3 y of age.
However, differences in weight were increased in adolescence relative to 3 y of age.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude longitudinale, Retard staturopondéral, Age préscolaire, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Micronutriment, Protéine, Energie, Programme alimentaire, Poids corporel, Taille corporelle, Composition corporelle, Développement staturopondéral, Développement postnatal, Anthropométrie, Alimentation, Nutrition, Pays en développement, Politique sanitaire, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Milieu rural, Guatemala, Amérique Centrale, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Follow up study, Growth retardation, Preschool age, Supplemented diet, Micronutrient, Proteins, Energy, Food planning, Body weight, Body size, Body composition, Somatic growth, Postnatal development, Anthropometry, Feeding, Nutrition, Developing countries, Health policy, Child, Human, Adolescent, Rural environment, Guatemala, Central America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0328439
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 01/03/1996.