Nutrition in early childhood and its long-term functional significance. Symposium. Anaheim CA USA, 1992/04/06.
This is an overview of the design and methods of the INCAP longitudinal study (1969-77) and its follow-up study (1988-89).
The first study had the objective of assessing the effects of intrauterine and preschool malnutrition on growth and mental development.
To achieve this, food supplements were provided to pregnant women and young children residing in four Guatemalan villages.
Two villages were given a high-protein, high-energy drink and two were provided a no-protein, low-energy drink.
Both supplements contained vitamins and minerals.
Longitudinal information was collected during the first seven years of life on physical growth, mental development, attendance and consumption of supplement, home diet, morbidity and on characteristics of the family.
Health and nutrition data on mothers also were collected.
The INCAP follow-up study was a cross-sectional evaluation of former participants of the first study and was carried out when the subjects were 11-27 y old.
The hypothesis of the INCAP follow-up study was that improved nutrition in early childhood leads to enhanced human capital formation in adolescents and adults.
Data were collected on physical growth and body composition, maturation, work capacity, intellectual performance and school achievement.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude longitudinale, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Micronutriment, Protéine, Régime alimentaire hypercalorique, Développement staturopondéral, Composition corporelle, Maturité, Aptitude professionnelle, Développement intellectuel, Réussite scolaire, Développement embryonnaire, Développement postnatal, Croissance, Anthropométrie, Nutrition, Alimentation, Politique sanitaire, Pays en développement, Milieu rural, Guatemala, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Mère, Age préscolaire, Enfant, Homme, Article synthèse
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Follow up study, Supplemented diet, Micronutrient, Proteins, High calorie diet, Somatic growth, Body composition, Maturity, Vocational aptitude, Intellectual development, Academic achievement, Embryonic development, Postnatal development, Growth, Anthropometry, Nutrition, Feeding, Health policy, Developing countries, Rural environment, Guatemala, Central America, America, Mother, Preschool age, Child, Human, Review
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0326584
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 01/03/1996.