To present national population-based estimates of the prevalence of parent-reported emotional and/or behavioral problems in children with asthma and the relationship of medical comorbidity and asthma severity with behavior problems.
Cross-sectional study of the 1988 National Health Interview on Child Health.
Parental responses to the Behavior Problem Index (BPI) were used for construction of an overall BPI score, as well as subscale scores.
Cross-tabulation and linear and logistic regression were used to determine the relation of the different condition categories to emotional and/or behavioral problems expressed by relative values of the BPI.
Children with asthma and comorbid conditions had a mean BPI score of 7.3, compared with 5.4 for children without chronic conditions, and all subscale scores, except those for antisocial conduct and immature behavior, were significantly elevated.
Using logistic regression to control for confounding variables, children with severe asthma alone had nearly three times the odds (odds ratio, 2.96 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.22 to 7.17) and children with asthma plus comorbid conditions nearly twice the odds (odds ratio, 1.86 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.20 to 2.90) of children without chronic conditions to have severe behavior problems.
Severe asthma and asthma with medical comorbidity represent significant risk factors for emotional and/or behavioral problems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Association, Maladie, Trouble comportement, Emotion émotivité, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Child, Human, Adolescent, Association, Disease, Behavioral disorder, Emotion emotionality, Risk factor, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0320420
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 01/03/1996.