Blood lead monitoring in the general italian population.
Hungaro-Italian symposium on spectrochemistry : advances in environmental sciences. Lillafüred HUN, 1993/08/23.
Blood lead (B-Pb) levels were determined in 1978-1979,1980-1981, and 1985-1986 in subjects living in various regions in Italy.
From the data obtained, a lowering time trend in median B-Pb levels was evident for subjects from most of the considered Italian regions.
In the total samples of male subjects, the median B-Pb levels were 200,179, and 153 mug/liter in 1978-1979,1980-1981, and 1985-1986, respectively.
In female subjects median B-Pb levels were 140 mug/liter in 1978-1979,122 mug/liter in 19801981, and 100 mug/liter in 1985-1986.
A lowering time trend in B-Pb levels has been also observed in the period between 1980 and 1992 in subjects living in the province of Rome, Median B-Pb levels decreased from 190 to 66 mug/liter in males and from 150 to 42 mug/liter in females.
During the period of the monitoring program, all over the national territory, the maximum lead content in gasoline has been progressively reduced from 0.635 g/liter in 1980 to 0.15 g/liter in 1991.
These data demonstrate how an appropriate measure may succeed in reducing environmental lead contamination, finally resulting in an actual reduction in the level of human exposure.
Within the framework of the monitoring program, we studied the associations of blood lead to selected social, environmental, constitutional, and biochemical factors and to clinical parameters.
B-Pb was directly related to alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and car-driving habits.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Métal lourd, Taux, Sang, Liquide biologique, Epidémiologie, Italie, Europe, Homme, Etude longitudinale, Variation temporelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Heavy metal, Rate, Blood, Biological fluid, Epidemiology, Italy, Europe, Human, Follow up study, Time variation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0320361
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 01/03/1996.