Sperm donation in Israel.
Science and technology in the field of human reproduction present new legal, ethical and religious questions which do not always have immediate answers.
The first step in the rapidly developed field of reproductive technology was the use of sperm donation (artificial insemination by donor, AID) and the establishment of sperm banks.
The state of Israel faced these problems when the regulations for sperm donation were discussed.
The fact that the main holy places for the three monotheistic religions are in Israel directly influences the make-up of the population constituents.
Therefore, besides a majority of secular people, a high percentage of the population of Israel is very religious : Jews, Moslems and Christians.
Thus any resolution relating to AID should take this demographic combination into account.
The practice of AID is opposed by the different monotheistic religions.
To avoid the conflict between secular and religious people, and between the different religions'perspectives, the legal problem of AID in Israel was solved not by laws but by regulations which were published by the Ministry of Health.
The main idea behind this attitude is that the state and its authorities should not and do not deal with ethical or religious questions.
In this paper we present the different views relating to these problems as perceived by the different religions, and describe the solution that was accepted by the Israeli Ministry of Health.
Mots-clés Pascal : Israël, Religion, Ethique, Banque sperme, Homme, Don sperme, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Israel, Religion, Ethics, Sperm bank, Human, Sperm donation, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0319508
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 01/03/1996.