Street youth in Los Angeles : profile of a group at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection.
To characterize an urban street youth population, their self-reported rates of drug use, and their involvement in behaviors that put them at risk for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.
A brief structured interview was administered to 409 youths who had been living on the streets for 2 or more consecutive months, or who were fully integrated into the street economy.
Seventy percent of the youth were sexually active, with an average of 11.7 sexual partners (past 30 days).
Youths with multiple sexual partners were more likely to have had a previous sexually transmitted disease (P<. 01), to use drugs during sex (P<. 001), and to be involved in survival sex (P<. 001).
Marijuana (55%), methamphetamine (62%), and crack (38%) were the drugs of choice, with 30% of the sample reporting injecting drug use (58% of this subset reported injecting drug use within the past 30 days).
Substance-abusing youth were 3.6 times more likely to use drugs during sex, 2.2 times more likely to engage in survival sex, and 2.5 times more likely to have been diagnosed as having a sexually transmitted disease.
High-risk sexual and drug use behaviors were prevalent and interrelated in this urban street youth sample.
This suggests the need for new and innovative educational promotions and prevention interventions targeted to this population.
Mots-clés Pascal : Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune, Comportement, Risque, Sans domicile fixe, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Comportement sexuel, Milieu urbain, Délinquance juvénile, Trouble comportement social, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : California, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Adolescent, Human, Young adult, Behavior, Risk, Homeless, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug addiction, Sexual behavior, Urban environment, Juvenile delinquency, Social behavior disorder, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0319263
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 01/03/1996.