To determine the prevalence of corporal punishment in Washington State and the factors associated with its use in Washington elementary and secondary schools.
Cross-sectional mail survey performed during the summer of 1992.
All elementary and secondary schools in the state of Washington.
One thousand eighteen schools (47%) responded to the survey, of which 80% were publicly funded and 63% were located in urban areas.
The study sample closely resembled the profile of all schools in the state.
Almost 11% of participating schools permitted corporal punishment at the time of the survey and 3.2% reported its actual use during the 1991-1992 school year, resulting in an estimated prevalence of 7.2 incidents per 1000 students per year.
Sixteen percent of corporal punishment actions occurred in schools not permitting its use.
Ninety percent of public schools relied on district policy regarding corporal punishment.
School characteristiw associated with the use of corporal punishment included rural location (crude odds ratio, 2.2 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.5 to 3.4), enrollment of less than 500 students, and kindergarten to eighth-grade or kindergarten to 12th-grade enrollment.
The lack of a statewide ban on school corporal punishment at the time of this survey was associated with the continued use of corporal punishment against children in districts that continued to permit it.
Mots-clés Pascal : Washington, Punition, Violence, Milieu scolaire, Enfant, Adolescent, Etudiant, Epidémiologie, Châtiment corporel, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Washington, Punishment, Violence, School environment, Child, Adolescent, Student, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0319009
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.