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  1. Prevalence of corporal punishment among students in Washington state schools.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To determine the prevalence of corporal punishment in Washington State and the factors associated with its use in Washington elementary and secondary schools.

    Design 

    Cross-sectional mail survey performed during the summer of 1992.

    Setting 

    All elementary and secondary schools in the state of Washington.

    Results 

    One thousand eighteen schools (47%) responded to the survey, of which 80% were publicly funded and 63% were located in urban areas.

    The study sample closely resembled the profile of all schools in the state.

    Almost 11% of participating schools permitted corporal punishment at the time of the survey and 3.2% reported its actual use during the 1991-1992 school year, resulting in an estimated prevalence of 7.2 incidents per 1000 students per year.

    Sixteen percent of corporal punishment actions occurred in schools not permitting its use.

    Ninety percent of public schools relied on district policy regarding corporal punishment.

    School characteristiw associated with the use of corporal punishment included rural location (crude odds ratio, 2.2 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.5 to 3.4), enrollment of less than 500 students, and kindergarten to eighth-grade or kindergarten to 12th-grade enrollment.

    Conclusions 

    The lack of a statewide ban on school corporal punishment at the time of this survey was associated with the continued use of corporal punishment against children in districts that continued to permit it.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Washington, Punition, Violence, Milieu scolaire, Enfant, Adolescent, Etudiant, Epidémiologie, Châtiment corporel, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Washington, Punishment, Violence, School environment, Child, Adolescent, Student, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0319009

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.