Several studies have suggested that exposure to organic solvents is associated with glomerular nephropathies (GN), but this relationship remains controversial.
A case-control study of 298 biopsy-proven cases and 298 hospital controls, matched for year of birth, sex, origin, and place of residence, was conducted between 1989 and 1991 in five hospitals in the Paris area :
82 cases of membranous glomerulopathy were included ;
100, nephrotic syndrome with either minimal change nephropathy or focal and segmental hyalinosis (MCN/FSH) ;
IgA nephropathy (IgA N).
Subjects were interviewed about their lifelong occupational and non-occupational activities.
Human leucocyte antigen (HLA) phenotypes were determined.
Among males, a clear association, which was not explained by social class, was observed between chronic renal failure and high exposure to solvents for both MCN/FSH (OR=7.7,95% CI : 1.4-41.6) and IgA N (OR=3.5,95% CI : 1.0-11.8).
The odds ratios increased with duration of exposure.
No relationship was observed between such exposure and GN cases with normal renal function.
No evidence was found that the HLA phenotype plays a role in the association between solvent exposure and the disease.
These results support the hypothesis of a causal relationship between high solvent exposure, which concerned 15% of the males in this study, and the development of GN with chronic renal failure.
Mots-clés Pascal : Solvant organique, Toxicité, Exposition professionnelle, Néphropathie glomérulaire, Homme, Insuffisance rénale, Chronique, Histologie, Système HLA, Phénotype, Epidémiologie, France, Europe, Médecine travail, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie, Néphropathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organic solvent, Toxicity, Occupational exposure, Glomerulonephritis, Human, Renal failure, Chronic, Histology, HLA-System, Phenotype, Epidemiology, France, Europe, Occupational medicine, Urinary system disease, Renal disease, Nephropathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0318075
Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 01/03/1996.