The aim of this paper was to study the effect of pets and other domestic animals on bronchial asthma among United Arab Emirates (UAE) schoolchildren aged 6-14 years.
A cross-sectional study of 850 schoolchildren living in both urban and rural areas (average age 9.36 ± 2.11 years, 46.8% boys and 53.2% girls) was conducted using self-administered questionnaires between October 1992 and May 19.93.
Prevalence rate for asthma, rhinitis, wheeze, cough, and eczema in children from families with and without animals were investigated.
A total of 40.7% of families studied were found to keep animals in their homes.
Children from families with animals were found to have a significantly higher prevalence rate of respiratory symptoms than those without.
The prevalence rate for asthma in children with animals was found to be twice that of children without (RR : 2.03 ; 95% Cl : 1.40-2.95).
The risk of having chronic cough (RR : 1.93 ; 95% Cl : 1.21-3.10), breathlessness/chest tightness (RR : 2.53 ; 95% Cl : 1.59-4.02), chronic wheeze (RR : 2.10 ; 95% Cl : 1.20-3.67), allergic rhinitis (RR : 1.53 ; 95% Cl : 1. 17-2.00) was significantly higher in children with animals than in children without.
Similarly, the risk of having eczema (RR : 2.55 ; 95%, Cl : 1.74-3.75) was significantly higher among children with animals than among those without.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Allergie, Toux, Rhinite, Animal domestique, Emirats Arabes Unis, Asie, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Immunopathologie, ORL pathologie, Nez pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Allergy, Cough, Rhinitis, Domestic animal, United Emirates, Asia, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Immunopathology, ENT disease, Nose disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0315850
Code Inist : 002B06C02. Création : 01/03/1996.