To evaluate and describe Lyme arthritis in European children and adolescents.
This was a prospective multicenter study.
The diagnosis of Lyme arthritis required the exclusion of other diseases and positive findings on serology for IgG antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi.
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunoblotting, and polymerase chain reaction techniques to identify infection by B burgdorferi were used.
Among 62 children and adolescents with Lyme arthritis, only 1 had a preceding erythema migrans.
Arthritis was episodic in 62% and was chronic at onset in 18%. The most common manifestation was monarthritis of the knee.
Joint involvement in patients with oligoarthritis was predominantly unilateral or symmetric.
Arthralgia was very rare.
Treatment with 1 or 2 courses of different antibiotics resulted in disappearance of the arthritis in 77% of the patients.
The clinical presentation of Lyme arthritis in children is different from that in adults.
The calculated incidence of Lyme arthritis in persons under the age of 17 years (4/100,000) exceeds previous estimations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Lyme maladie, Borréliose, Spirochétose, Bactériose, Infection, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Europe, Diagnostic, Traitement, Pronostic, Epidémiologie, Borrelia burgdorferi, Spirochaetaceae, Spirochaetales, Bactérie, Arthrite inflammatoire, Arthropathie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lyme disease, Borrelia infection, Spirachaetosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Child, Human, Adolescent, Europe, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Epidemiology, Borrelia burgdorferi, Spirochaetaceae, Spirochaetales, Bacteria, Inflammatory arthritis, Arthropathy, Diseases of the osteoarticular system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0287757
Code Inist : 002B05B02L6. Création : 01/03/1996.