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  1. Reliability and validity of the smoking and women questionnaire among three ethnic groups.

    Article - En anglais

    Cigarette smoking among women continues to be a major health risk to the smoker and to those around her.

    Programs aimed at stopping and maintaining smoking cessation have had very limited success due in part to the failure to individualize smoking cessation programs based on specific characteristics of the smoker.

    This study presents reliability and validity of a 14item questionnaire developed to determine the readiness of women from three ethnic groups (non-Hispanic white, black American, and Hispanic American) to stop smoking.

    The Smoking and Women Questionnaire (SWQ) consists of items representative of core elements conceptualized in the Smoking/Exsmoking Model for Women.

    The core factors are : beliefs/attitudes toward smoking, sociability, stress, coping, self-efficacy, motivation, nicotine dependence, and support.

    The SWQ was completed by both smoking and nonsmoking non-Hispanic white (N=233), smoking and nonsmoking black American (N=70), and smoking and nonsmoking Hispanic American (N=73) women.

    The test-retest correlation coefficient over a one-to three-week period (N=53) was. 84.

    Cronbach alphas for whites, blacks, Hispanics, and combined groups were. 81,85,84, and. 83, respechvely.

    Content validity was shown by experts who agreed that the core elements were represented in the SWQ.

    Construct validity was shown for ethnic groups separately and combined in that smokers had significantly lower SWQ scores than nonsmokers.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Questionnaire, Validation test, Fidélité test, Méthode étude, Sevrage toxique, Tabagisme, Homme, Femelle, Education sanitaire, Programme sanitaire, Attitude, Comportement, Motivation, Smoking and Women Questionnaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Questionnaire, Test validation, Test reliability, Investigation method, Poison withdrawal, Tobacco smoking, Human, Female, Health education, Sanitary program, Attitude, Behavior, Motivation

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0279906

    Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 01/03/1996.