The prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity patterns of bacteria collected consecutively from medical and surgical intensive care units (ICUs) and from hematology/oncology units in nine hospitals in Denmark were determined and compared to data collected simultaneously in 12 other European countries.
Bacterial isolates from 794 Danish patients were tested and compared to 8,625 isolates from European patients.
The minimal inhibitory concentrations of eight different antibiotics were determined using a microdilution plate.
Similar to findings in European countries, the most common source of bacterial isolates in Danish units was the respiratory tract (49%), followed by blood (18%), urinary tract (14%) and surgical wounds (10%). Staphylococcus aureus was the most prevalent respiratory organism in Danish units, whereas Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa dominated in other countries.
In blood, Escherichia coli was most prevalent in Denmark while coagulase-negative staphylococci were predominant in other countries.
Urinary tract isolates were dominated by Escherichia coli in both Denmark and the other countries, but Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were more frequently isolated in the other countries.
Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequent wound isolate in Denmark, while Enterobacteriaceae other than Escherichia coli dominated in other European countries.
Mots-clés Pascal : Service hospitalier, Hôpital, Hématologie, Cancérologie, Danemark, Europe, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Antibiotique, Test sensibilité médicamenteuse, Unité soin intensif, Sensibilité résistance
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital ward, Hospital, Hematology, Cancerology, Denmark, Europe, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Antibiotic, Drug susceptibility test, Intensive care unit, Sensitivity resistance
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0278680
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 01/03/1996.