To describe the demographic characteristics, utilization of medical services, and health status of uninsured children compared with insured children in the United States and to assess the factors associated with lack of health insurance among children.
An estimated 8 million children in the United States are uninsured.
Medicaid expansions and tax credits have had little impact on the overall problem.
An understanding of the characteristics of uninsured children is essential for the design of appropriate outreach and enrollment strategies, benefit packages, and health care provision arrangements for uninsured children.
Analysis of the 1988 Child Health Supplement of the National Health Interview Survey.
Diverse groups of children in the United States lack health insurance.
Residence in the South (odds ratio [OR], 2.3) and West (OR, 1.9.1) and being poor (OR, 2.2) or nearly poor (OR, 2.1) are independently associated with being uninsured.
Substantial differences in both sources of care and utilization of medical services exist between uninsured and insured children.
Uninsured children lack usual sources of routine care (OR, 3.1) and sick care (OR, 3.8) and also lack appropriate well-child care (OR, 1.5) compared with insured children.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Enfant, Santé, Assurance maladie, Protection sociale, Epidémiologie, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, Child, Health, Health insurance, Welfare aids, Epidemiology, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0278089
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 01/03/1996.