Identifying adolescent drug users : results of a national survey in adolescent health in Switzerland.
To explore the proportion and characteristics of adolescents who use illicit drugs and contrast them with adolescents who do not use such drugs in Switzerland.
To facilitate the detection of adolescents with drug related difficulties.
We used data from a national survey on adolescent health in Switzerland (N=9,273) conducted in 1992 and 1993.
The survey is based on self-administered questionnaires among a representative sample of adolescents enrolled in schools and apprenticeship programs.
We used exploratory analysis for identifying characteristics which set the drug user apart from non-users and performed confirmatory multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine which variables remain independently associated with heroin or cocaine use.
In Switzerland, 3.1% of adolescents have taken heroin or cocaine at least once in their life, and 27.7% have already used cannabis.
Analysis of lifestyles and health of adolescents shows that young drug users present difficulties in integrating in society, have health problems and difficulties in relationships, situations which tend to be less common among other adolescents.
Yet, they also display marked similarities, most notably in that over 70% had seen a physician in the past year.
However, while 40% of the drug users expressed a need for help with drug related problems, only 6% had actually talked about them with a physician.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Cocaïne, Diamorphine, Cannabis, Cannabidaceae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Dépistage, Symptomatologie, Comportement, Santé, Prévention, Suisse, Europe, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Cocaine, Heroin, Cannabis, Cannabidaceae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Medical screening, Symptomatology, Behavior, Health, Prevention, Switzerland, Europe, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0270191
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 01/03/1996.