Objectives-To investigate the association between four sociodemographic measures and average level and rate of change of notification rates for tuberculosis.
Design-Ecological analysis of both the average and the rate of change of standardised annual notification rates for tuberculosis from 1982-91 and sociodemographic measures from the 1981 and 1991 censuses.
Subjects and data-Sociodemographic measures from the 1981 and 1991 censuses and tuberculosis notification rates for 1982-91.
Main outcome measures-A measure of the association between average levels and rate of change in tuberculosis notification rates and four sociodemographic measures in 1981 and between the rate of change in tuberculosis notification rates between 1981 and 1991 and changes in sociodemographic measures between 1981 and 1991.
The average level of notifications was correlated with overcrowding and the proportion of migrants but not with unemployment or social class.
No significant association was found between the rate of change in notification rates and sociodemographic measures in 1981.
An association was found between increases in unemployment and the rate of change in notification rates, but the effect was small.
Changes in the levels of unemployment explained 23% of the variation between boroughs in the rate of change in their notification rates.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Statut socioéconomique, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle, Immigration, Pauvreté, Chomage, Surpopulation, Facteur risque, Prévalence, Association, Evolution, Augmentation, Epidémiologie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Respiratory disease, Socioeconomic status, Socioeconomic category, Immigration, Poverty, Unemployment, Crowding, Risk factor, Prevalence, Association, Evolution, Increase, Epidemiology, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0266917
Code Inist : 002B05B02O. Création : 01/03/1996.