The effect of a national control of diarrheal diseases program on mortality : the case of Egypt.
The National Control of Diarrheal Diseases Project (NCDDP) of Egypt began in 1981, became fully operational nation-wide by 1984, and concluded in 1991.
The project was desired as a campaign to lower mortality from diarrheal disease in children under five by at least 25% within five years.
The principal strategy employed was to improve case-management of diarrhea through rehydration and better feeding : through assured production and distribution of oral rehydration salts, education of families through mass media and health workers through training programs, and creation of rehydration corners throughout the established primary health care and hospital network.
A detailed plan for evaluation and research was designed at the start of the project.
By its own terms, the NCDDP appears to have succeeded in improving case management ; by several local and national mortality surveys, overall infant and childhood mortality fell by at least one-third with the majority proportion in diarrheal deaths.
The declines coincided with the peak of NCDDP activities and results in improved case-management.
The detailed analyses of this monograph seek to demonstrate that :
(a) the mortality decline and the diarrheal mortality decline in particular were actual events ;
(b) that case-management improved with plausible sufficiency to account for most of the diarrheal mortality reduction ;
and (c) that changes in other proximate determinants to lowered mortality.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Homme, Réanimation hydroélectrolytique, Traitement, Programme sanitaire, Politique sanitaire, Mortalité, Prévention, Réhydratation, Voie orale, Alimentation, Egypte, Afrique, Article synthèse, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Human, Water electrolyte resuscitation, Treatment, Sanitary program, Health policy, Mortality, Prevention, Rehydration, Oral administration, Feeding, Egypt, Africa, Review, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0261982
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 01/03/1996.