The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) has been monitoring the incidence of laboratory confirmed cases of cholera in Delhi in collaboration with Infectious Diseases Hospital (IDH) since 1965.
Cholera and cholera-like cases from all hospitals in Delhi are admitted in IDH and the rectal swabs of all such cases are processed for isolation of Vibrio cholerae at NICD laboratory.
Since April 1993, there has been isolation of Vibrio cholerae serotype 0139, in increasing numbers (831 out of 2,830,29.2%). The isolates have been characterized and enterotoxin studies carried out.
As a referral laboratory NICD has also confirmed the causative role of Vibrio cholerae 0139 in diarrhea outbreaks from various parts of the country.
The implications of establishment of this newer serotype of Vibrio cholerae, as a potential epidemic strain are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Choléra, Bactériose, Infection, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Bactérie, Sérotype, Diarrhée, Souche pathogène, Facteur risque, Epidémie, Homme, Inde, Asie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cholera, Bacteriosis, Infection, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Bacteria, Serotype, Diarrhea, Pathogen strain, Risk factor, Epidemic, Human, India, Asia, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0048579
Code Inist : 002B05B02L4. Création : 01/03/1996.