Traduction en anglais : Allergy and air pollution.
Air pollution and its possible influence on the worldwide increase of allergic (type I) prevalence is discussed considering the possible adjuvant activity of airborne anthropogenic chemicals and particles.
In addition to a considerable genetic predisposition for the development of an atopy, its manifestation often seems to be influenced by environmental factors.
A correlation between air pollution and atopic prevalence appears to exist frequently, but not consistently.
However, the available data do not prove any causal relationship between air pollutants (such as SO2, NO2, NOx, O3 and suspended particles) and the increase of allergic prevalence.
Some data even contradict a positive correlation between allergy and air pollution.
It is suggested that future studies in this field should be more comprehensive and should regularly investigate factors such as social environment and genetic predisposition.
Also, regionally confined comparative investigations are needed.
Then, future studies may lead to a better understanding of the connection and causal interrelationship between air pollution and allergy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Toxicité, Allergie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Monde, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Toxicity, Allergy, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, World, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0047404
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 01/03/1996.