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  1. Fulltext. The diversion of mentally ill persons from jails to community-based services : a profile of programs.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    A major proposal for appropriately treating persons with mental illnesses who have been arrested is to divert them from jail to community-based mental health programs.

    However, there are few available definitions, guidelines, and principles for developing effective diversion programs.

    The goal of this research was to determine the number and kinds of jail diversion programs that exist, how they are set up, and which types of programs are effective.

    Methods

    On the basis of information gathered during a national mail survey (n=1263) and follow-up telephone survey of 115 responding jails, 18 sites were selected for on-site interviews based on perceived effectiveness and presence of a formal diversion program.

    Results

    Data are presented from a national sample of jail diversion programs (n=18).

    Key factors for developing diversion programs and descriptors of effective programs are presented.

    Conclusions

    It is clear that controlled, longitudinal studies of these programs'effectiveness, using client-based and organizational outcome measures, are badly needed.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Milieu carcéral, Traitement communautaire, Programme thérapeutique, Trouble comportement social, Criminalité, Homme, Psychiatrie communautaire, Santé mentale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Carceral environment, Community treatment, Therapeutic schedule, Social behavior disorder, Criminality, Human, Community psychiatry, Mental health

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0046363

    Code Inist : 002B18G. Création : 01/03/1996.