This study investigated the effect of moderate prenatal alcohol exposure on psychomotor development of preschool-age children in a longitudinal study.
Pregnant women were interviewed about their alcohol consumption at their first visit to the maternity hospital in Roubaix, France.
Alcohol consumption before pregnancy and during the first trimester was assessed with a structured questionnaire.
The psychomotor development of 155 children of these women was assessed with the McCarthy scales of children's abilities when the children were about 4 1/2 years old.
Consumption of 1.5 oz of absolute alcohol (approximately three drinks) or more per day during pregnancy was significantly related to a decrease of 7 points in the mean score on the general cognitive index of the McCarthy scales, after gender, birth order, maternal education, score for family stimulation, family status, maternal employment, child's age at examination, and examiner were controlled for.
This study showed that moderate to heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy, at levels well below those associated with fetal alcohol syndrome, has effects on children's psychomotor development.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Ethanol, Gestation, Mère, Toxicité, Age préscolaire, Enfant, Homme, Cognition, Psychomotricité, France, Europe, Epidémiologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Ethanol, Pregnancy, Mother, Toxicity, Preschool age, Child, Human, Cognition, Psychomotricity, France, Europe, Epidemiology, Central nervous system disease, Nervous system diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0045167
Code Inist : 002B03D. Création : 01/03/1996.