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  1. Fulltext. Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure and psychomotor development at preschool age.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study investigated the effect of moderate prenatal alcohol exposure on psychomotor development of preschool-age children in a longitudinal study.

    Methods

    Pregnant women were interviewed about their alcohol consumption at their first visit to the maternity hospital in Roubaix, France.

    Alcohol consumption before pregnancy and during the first trimester was assessed with a structured questionnaire.

    The psychomotor development of 155 children of these women was assessed with the McCarthy scales of children's abilities when the children were about 4 1/2 years old.

    Results

    Consumption of 1.5 oz of absolute alcohol (approximately three drinks) or more per day during pregnancy was significantly related to a decrease of 7 points in the mean score on the general cognitive index of the McCarthy scales, after gender, birth order, maternal education, score for family stimulation, family status, maternal employment, child's age at examination, and examiner were controlled for.

    Conclusions

    This study showed that moderate to heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy, at levels well below those associated with fetal alcohol syndrome, has effects on children's psychomotor development.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Ethanol, Gestation, Mère, Toxicité, Age préscolaire, Enfant, Homme, Cognition, Psychomotricité, France, Europe, Epidémiologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Ethanol, Pregnancy, Mother, Toxicity, Preschool age, Child, Human, Cognition, Psychomotricity, France, Europe, Epidemiology, Central nervous system disease, Nervous system diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0045167

    Code Inist : 002B03D. Création : 01/03/1996.