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  1. Fulltext. Childhood risk factors for homelessness among homeless adults.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This effort used data from the Course of Homelessness study and comparative secondary data on the general population to identify negative childhood and family background experiences that may increase risk for adult homelessness.

    Methods

    Frequencies of negative childhood experiences were examined among a probability sample of 1563 homeless adults.

    Differences in risk for such experiences were calculated by sex, age cohort, and racial/ethnicity status.

    Where possible, rates of negative childhood experiences among the homeless were compared with the general population.

    Results

    Substantial numbers of this sample experienced multiple problems as children across several domains : poverty, residential instability, and family problems.

    Women and Whites disproportionately reported experiences suggestive of personal or family problems ; non-Whites disproportionately reported experiences suggestive of poverty.

    Homeless adults were at increased risk of childhood out-of-home placement, tenure in public housing, and homelessness, but not at greater risk for physical abuse.

    Women appeared to be at greater risk for sexual abuse.

    Conclusions

    The problems that homeless individuals experience as adults have very clear analogs in their childhoods.

    Vulnerability to homelessness stems from factors unevenly distributed across age, sex, and race/ethnicity groups.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Sans domicile fixe, Adulte, Epidémiologie, Expérience infantile, Milieu familial, Facteur risque, Age, Sexe, Ethnie, Californie, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homeless, Adult, Epidemiology, Infantile experience, Family environment, Risk factor, Age, Sex, Ethnic group, California, Human, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0045165

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.