Stomach cancer risk among black and white men and women : the role of occupational and cigarette smoking.
This population-based case-control study assesses the risk of stomach cancer among black and white men and women.
The association of occupational risk factors and cigarette smoking with stomach cancer was analyzed using 739 stomach cancer cases and 3750 population controls.
Complete occupational and tobacco-use histories were obtained by telephone interview.
Significant increases in stomach cancer were observed among black men (odds ratio [OR]=2.0), white women (OR=1. 7), and black women (OR=1.4) who had ever smoked.
The majority of occupations with significant increases in risk were among white men and included agricultural workers (OR=2.6), driver sales (OR=3.8), assemblers (OR=2.0), mechanics (OR=2.2), and material movers (OR=2.9).
Black women employed as assemblers (OR=5.4) and white women employed as food workers (OR=4.0) also had significant ORs.
Evaluating occupations with possible dust exposure, we found no association between dust exposure and stomach cancer.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Estomac, Appareil digestif pathologie, Homme, Analyse risque, Facteur risque, Ethnie, Sexe, Comparaison interindividuelle, Exposition professionnelle, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Profession, Industrie, Poste travail, Médecine travail, Tabagisme, Mode de vie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Stomach, Digestive diseases, Human, Risk analysis, Risk factor, Ethnic group, Sex, Interindividual comparison, Occupational exposure, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Profession, Industry, Workplace layout, Occupational medicine, Tobacco smoking, Life habit
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0044769
Code Inist : 002B13B01. Création : 01/03/1996.