In order to evaluate the load on the low back of teachers in nursery schools, basic activity, working posture, child-lifting, and desk-lifting were analyzed for eight nursery teachers using video recording.
The trunk inclination angle (TIA) was also measured continuously during full workshifts for 20 nursery teachers using an inclination monitor.
The nursery teachers in the 0-1 (year) age class more often adopted low working postures, « sitting on the floor » and « kneeling, » while teachers in the 4-5 age class more frequently adopted high working postures, « standing » and « sitting on a chair. » The mean of TIA among all subjects was 20°. The time spent at a TIA of more than 20° represented 43% of the workshift.
The mean and time distribution of TIA did not differ between the age classes.
The frequency of trunk-lifting from severe bending forward (TIA>45°) was 86 times/hour on average.
The frequency of trunk-lifting was highest in the 0-1 age class.
The number of times of child-lifting was 46 in the 0-1 age class, while it was 1 in the 4-5 age class.
Mots-clés Pascal : Japon, Asie, Ecole maternelle, Enseignant, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Charge, Lombalgie, Condition travail, Posture, Tronc, Angle inclinaison, Médecine travail, Ergonomie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Japan, Asia, Nursery school, Teacher, Human, Occupational exposure, Load, Low back pain, Working condition, Posture, Trunk, Tilt angle, Occupational medicine, Ergonomics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0044496
Code Inist : 002B29C01. Création : 01/03/1996.