Nitrous oxide (N2O) was assayed in 676 urine samples and 101 blood samples provided after exposure by operating theatre personnel from nine hospitals.
The blood and urine assays were repeated in 25 subjects 18 h after the end of exposure.
For 80 subjects, environmental N2O was also measured during intraoperative exposure.
Mean urinary N2O in the 676 subjects at the end of exposure was 40 mug/l (range 1-3805 mug/l) ; in 10 of the 676 subjects, urinary N2O was in the range 279-3805 mug/l (mean 1202 mug/l).
The 98th percentile was 120 mug/l. Mean blood N2O at the end of exposure, measured in 101 subjects, was 21 mug/l (median 16 mug/l, range 1-75 mug/l).
Blood and urine N2O (1.5 mug/l and 4.9 mug/l, respectively) in 25 subjects, 18 h after exposure, was significantly higher than in occupationally non-exposed subjects (blood 0.91 mug/l, urine 1 mug/l).
Environmental exposure was significantly related to blood and urinary N2O (r=0.59 and r=0.64, respectively).
Blood and urinary N2O were significantly related to each other (r=0.71), and were equivalent to about 25% of the environmental exposure level.
The mean urinary N2O of 1202 mug/l in 10/676 subjects was not related to environmental exposure in the operating theatre.
The highest urinary N2O levels measured in these 10/676 subjects could be explained by an asymptomatic urinary infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Azote protoxyde, Exposition professionnelle, Anesthésique général, Personnel sanitaire, Hôpital, Bloc opératoire, Taux, Sang, Urine, Surveillance biologique, Médecine travail, Gaz
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nitrogen protoxide, Occupational exposure, General anesthetic, Health staff, Hospital, Operating room, Rate, Blood, Urine, Biological monitoring, Occupational medicine, Gases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0044491
Code Inist : 002B02U10. Création : 01/03/1996.