Diabetes occurs in at least 13 million persons in the United States and is a major cause of morbidity and premature mortality.
Diet is the cornerstone of diabetes management, and the purpose of this investigation was to examine dietary intakes and health practices among diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from a recently surveyed population-based sample from two communities in southeastern New England.
Data were collected during cross-sectional home health surveys conducted in random population samples of two New England communities during 1987-1988,1989-1990, and 1992-1993.
A food frequency questionnaire was completed by 1,897 of 2,077 eligible respondents who made up our study sample.
Statistical analyses suggest that diabetic individuals do not appear to be adhering to measures known to improve metabolic control (i.e., weight reduction and physical activity).
Furthermore, both diabetic and nondiabetic individuals alike should be targeted for educational programs aimed at improving dietary intakes which lead to a reduction in consumption of total and saturated fatty acid.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rhode Island, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Sexe, Diabète, Surveillance sanitaire, Comportement alimentaire, Alimentation, Mode de vie, Santé, Observance thérapeutique, Endocrinopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rhode Island, United States, North America, America, Human, Sex, Diabetes mellitus, Sanitary surveillance, Feeding behavior, Feeding, Life habit, Health, Treatment compliance, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0044314
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 01/03/1996.