Alterations in prescribing by general practitioner fundholders : an observational study.
Objectives-To compare prescribing in general practices before and after they become fundholders to assess whether this affected prescribing patterns.
Design-Analysis of prescribing data (PACT) for one year before and one year after practices become first, second, or third wave fundholders and comparison with practices that were not fundholders during any part of the study.
Main outcome measures-Prescribing costs (net ingredient cost per prescribing unit), prescribing volume (items per 1000 prescribing units), net ingredient cost per item, and percentage of generic prescribing.
Setting-Former Mersey Regional Health Authority
Subjects-100 fundholders (20 first wave, 31 second wave, 49 third wave) and 312 non-fundholders.
Prescribing costs and volume rose throughout the study in all groups.
In all three fundholding waves the rate of increase of prescribing costs was significantly lower than for non-fundholders.
Both cost per item and prescribing volume tended to decrease, the former probably because of a significant increase in generic prescribing.
Fundholding and non-fundholding practices differed in several respects.
Conclusion-Fundholding has altered practice prescribing patterns compared with those of non-fundholders, increasing generic prescribing and reducing the rate of increase of prescribing costs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Formation professionnelle, Médecin généraliste, Retraite, Prescription médicale, Evaluation professionnelle, Coût, Environnement social, Psychologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational training, General practitioner, Retirement, Medical prescription, Professional evaluation, Costs, Social environment, Psychology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0041198
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.