This paper describes the evolution of regulations applicable to installations for nuclear power production, from its beginnings in the 1960s to the present.
After analyzing the regulatory process in the US and Europe and the way regulations are applied in the licensing process, we conclude that nuclear power plants currently operating have achieved the safety goal established in terms of risk assessment.
Now that safety objectives have been achieved, and a wealth of experience gained, three important milestones remain : to harmonize regulation criteria in different countries, improve capacity to control severe accidents and to rationalize requirements that are costly while not significantly improving safety.
To achieve these new objectives, at the end of this article, we analyze international initiatives for the development of standards and requirements for the new advanced reactor designs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Article synthèse, Législation, Norme, Coopération internationale, Prévention accident, Permis construire réacteur nucléaire, Evaluation risque, Spécification, Politique énergétique, Industrie nucléaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nuclear regulations, Reactor design standardization, Reviews, Laws and legislation, Standards, International cooperation, Accident prevention, Nuclear reactor licensing, Risk assessment, Specifications, Energy policy, Nuclear industry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0040928
Code Inist : 001D06D04D. Création : 01/03/1996.