To identify socio-economic and demographic factors related to prevalent HIV-1 infection among female commercial sex workers (CSW) in Thailand oral interviews and blood samples were taken from 800 female commercial sex workers in northern and southern Thailand during a cross-sectional survey in 1992.
The overall HIV-1 prevalence rate was 22% and showed a statistically significant decrease from 36% when the age at start of commercial sex work was between 12 and 15 years old to 11% when the age at start was 21 years or over.
Working in direct service, working in the north, not being Thai, lower education, having no children and having a debt to the employer were all related to an elevated risk for HIV-1 infection in univariate analysis.
In multivariate analysis younger age at start of commercial sex work, working in direct service, working in the north and having a debt to the employer were independently associated with prevalent HIV-1 infection.
Prevention activities are urgently needed to prevent younger girls from entering sexual service business and to protect them from HIV 1 infection once they start working in the commercial sex service.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus HIV1, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Prostitution, Femme, Homme, Thaïlande, Asie, Statut socioéconomique, Démographie, Antécédent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, HIV-1 virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Prostitution, Woman, Human, Thailand, Asia, Socioeconomic status, Demography, Antecedent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0037996
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 01/03/1996.