Studies show that persons with sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and narcolepsy, have an increased incidence of automobile accidents.
The goal of this study was to review any regulations or guidelines dealing with fitness to drive of persons with sleep disorders in all the 50 states and countries around the world.
Several authorities in the United States and abroad in fact have produced guidelines or regulations stating that certain of these persons are not fit to drive.
As of March 1994, only four states in the United States (Maryland, North Carolina, Oregon and Utah) had guidelines for narcolepsy, while two had guidelines for both narcolepsy and sleep apnea (California and Texas).
In Maine, guidelines had been proposed for sleep apnea.
In contrast, almost all Canadian provinces have guidelines for both sleep apnea and narcolepsy, as does the United Kingdom.
There are, however, considerable variations in the nature of the regulations used in different states, Canadian provinces and countries.
These variations are not based on scientific data.
Currently the impact of these regulations on crash rates or on the practice of sleep medicine has not been assessed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Conduite véhicule, Recommandation, Somnolence, Narcolepsie, Apnée sommeil syndrome, Accident circulation, Etats Unis, Etude comparative, Pays, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Système nerveux périphérique, Transmission neuromusculaire, Trouble sommeil
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vehicle driving, Recommendation, Somnolence, Narcolepsy, Sleep apnea syndrome, Traffic accident, United States, Comparative study, Countries, Human, North America, America, Peripheral nervous system, Neuromuscular transmission, Sleep disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0036509
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 01/03/1996.