This paper discusses natal and postnatal care services in Saudi Arabia, as revealed by the National Maternal & Child Health Survey of 1991.
The latter was based on a national random sample of 150 clusters, with 6306 households, from urban and rural areas, of five geographic regions.
The target of 6294 ever-married Saudi women, 15-49 years old included 6020 currently married women, of whom 1050 reported a pregnancy.
Data on maternal care were analysed, including where and why natal care was attended, and for both natal and postnatal care, how much and by whom, by respondents'age, urban-rural residence, geographical location, and education of wife and husband.
About three-quarters of the respondents had one or more births within the 5 years preceding the survey, with a total of 4777 children under six.
Institutional deliveries reached 86 per cent and about 90 per cent of deliveries were attended by physicians or nurses with a ratio of 2 : 1. Postnatal care attendance amounted to 88 per cent mainly by physicians than nurses with a ratio of 5 : 1. In general, the above results describe relatively high coverage with natal and postnatal care services, which can still be improved through health education and community support, particularly of the women.
Judging by the high level of institutional care and physician involvement, good quality of care is implied, but needs to be further confirmed, by defining morbidity and mortality patterns.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Enfant, Arabie Saoudite, Mère, PMI, Soin, Postnatal, Service santé, Evaluation, Utilisation, Homme, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Child, Saudi Arabia, Mother, Mother and child health care, Care, Postnatal, Health service, Evaluation, Use, Human, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0032801
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.