Detection and prevention of childhood disability with the help of Anganwadi workers.
To evaluate the role of Anganwadi Workers (AWW) for detection and prevention of disability in children below 6 years of age.
Cross sectional and longitudinal follow up.
Ten Anganwadi Centres in ICDS Urban Project.
Trained AWWs identified disabilities and instituted preventive measures like immunization and supplementary nutrition.
Simultaneous independent verification by pediatricians.
Repeat survey after 6 mo offollow up.
Amongst the 1545 children, AWW identified disability in 126 subjects which were verified in 118 cases by pediatricians.
The disability rate was 7638 per 100,000 population.
Visual, mental, orthopedic, speech and hearing disabilities rates were 4790,2654,583,518 and 453 per 100,000 population, respectively.
In the repeat survey, 35 of the 74 children with visual disability (mostly xerophthalmia), 4 of the 9 with orthopedic disability and 3 of the 7 with hearing disability could be managed satisfactorily.
A WW can help in early detection and appropriate management of incipient and preventable childhood disabilities.
Mots-clés Pascal : Agent santé, Dépistage, Prévention, Maladie, Enfant, Inde, Prévalence, Homme, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health worker, Medical screening, Prevention, Disease, Child, India, Prevalence, Human, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0021275
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.