Courts in more than a dozen states have decided cases in which a person has claimed money damages for his or her fear of getting acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Although most courts have rejected such claims in the absence of actual exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), their reasoning has varied slightly from state to state.
This article argues that negligence law should not permit people who are HIV negative to recover damages for an unfounded fear of AIDS.
Public health statements intended to educate the public about preventing HIV transmission may have encouraged some fear-of-AIDS lawsuits against health care practitioners.
Although well intentioned, such statements have been used to justify inappropriate restrictions on medical practice and disclosure of a practitioner's HIV status.
To avoid such misuse, such statements should be revised to make clear that the way in which procedures are performed, not who performs them, determines HIV transmission.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Peur, Procès, Personnel sanitaire, Transmission homme homme, Malade, Justice, Homme, Etats Unis, Virose, Infection, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Fear, Trial, Health staff, Transmission from man to man, Patient, Justice, Human, United States, Viral disease, Infection, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0010839
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 01/03/1996.