Economic analysis and pharmaceutical policy : a consideration of the economics of the use of desflurane.
Desflurane, the third generation inhalational anaesthetic agent. Meeting. Barcelona ESP, 1994/11/17.
Several factors have to be considered in determining the cost of applying a new inhalational anaesthetic such as desflurane into clinical practice.
Factors beyond the immediate control of the anaesthetic practitioner include the price set by the manufacturer (although this may be influenced by economic and political pressures), and the physical-pharmacological properties of the anaesthetic (e.g. vaporization, potency, solubility).
The anaesthetic practitioner can minimise cost by applying lower inflow rates.
Lower solubility (and hence lower uptake) provides a greater economy at lower inflow rates than does higher solubility.
Furthermore, lower solubility permits the use of lower inflow rates with greater precision to the control of anaesthesia, and greater ease of application.
At present unit prices, the cost of desflurane approximately equals that of isoflurane when a 1 l. min-1 inflow rate is used.
The use of lower inflow rates presupposes that such rates do not allow the production of toxic compounds in recirculating gases.
Modern equipment makes low-flow anaesthesia reliable and easy to control, and as desflurane is not degraded by the standard carbon dioxide absorbents, its use in low-flow systems is effective and economical.
These cost considerations do not take into account the savings that may result from a more rapid recovery from anaesthesia, nor do they take into account the increased expense of capital equipment needed to apply a new anaesthetic.
Mots-clés Pascal : Desflurane, Anesthésique général, Anesthésie générale, Analyse coût, Homme, Economie santé, Etude comparative, Composé volatil, Fluor Composé organique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General anesthetic, General anesthesia, Cost analysis, Human, Health economy, Comparative study, Volatile compound, Fluorine Organic compounds
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0009533
Code Inist : 002B02B08. Création : 01/03/1996.