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  1. A multiple-level, comprehensive approach to the prevention of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and other Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD).

    Article - En anglais

    A comprehensive program for the prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) must consider multiple approaches and utilize knowledge from a variety of academic disciplines.

    Issues related to culture, society, behavior, belief systems, and medicine must all be considered for both etiology and solutions.

    A broad paradigm such as a public health model integrates various elements of approach.

    Because FAS and other levels of ARBD form a spectrum, from severe to negligible damage, a variety of drinking patterns with various characteristics and etiologies have to be addressed.

    This paper describes a multiple-level, comprehensive program with primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention components.

    Practical recommendations are proposed for addressing ARBD in a variety of arenas.

    While secondary and tertiary prevention hold promise for shortterm reduction of FAS and ARBD prevalence, comprehensive prevention serves both short-and long-term effects.

    Multiple level prevention efforts are well served by clear and compelling vision and mission statements, and require careful evaluation.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Complication, Facteur risque, Syndrome alcoolique foetal, Maladie congénitale, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Etats Unis, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Complication, Risk factor, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Congenital disease, Sanitary program, Prevention, United States, Human, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0005723

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.