The paper explores the relationship between social identity and HIV/AIDS, with special reference to gay men in Britain.
This relationship was first seen as significant since it might have a bearing on the spread of HIV in the population.
Three major forms of commentary have emerged on the issue : (i) basic research into the relationship between sexual identities and behaviours ; (ii) applied research on how to convert the findings from (i) into health promotional materials, and (iii) discourse from within the politically gay community on what HIV/AIDS means for gay people.
These different forms of commentary arise from a diverse range of voices, within and outside academia.
The paper draws comparison between different disciplinary approaches to questions of identity and HIV/AIDS, in terms of their relative strengths and weaknesses (for example, contrasting psychology with anthropology).
An ethnography of day centre for people living with HIV/AIDS is used to illustrate the need to understand identity from a processual perspective, so that both individual and collective identities are seen as emerging from specific historical circumstances and struggles.
A dialogic approach to understanding identity, tied to qualitative empirical research, is suggested as necessary to understanding how different forms of identity engage with HIV/AIDS (gender, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation), and how the identities of individuals and groups are always complex, shifting mosaics.
Mots-clés Pascal : Identité sociale, Homosexualité, Mâle, Homme, SIDA, Anthropologie, Royaume Uni, Identité sexuelle, Comportement, Prévention, Organisation santé, Virose, Infection, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social identity, Homosexuality, Male, Human, AIDS, Anthropology, United Kingdom, Gender identity, Behavior, Prevention, Public health organization, Viral disease, Infection, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0002508
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.