This study examines the prevalence of problem behaviors (sexual activity, substance use, delinquency, and school failure) in a clinical hospital-based sample of 217 inner-city, 14 to 17 year olds with a variety of serious, chronic medical illnesses and compares this prevalence to that in a group of 121 similar-aged, healthy friends with no known chronic illnesses living in the same community.
No differences were found between groups in substance use, delinquency, percent who had ever had sexual intercourse, or mean age at first intercourse.
There was a significant interaction effect of chronic illness and gender on age at first intercourse (p=015) ; boys without chronic illness initiated sexual intercourse at a younger age than those with an illness.
Conversely, girls with a chronic illness initiated sexual intercourse at a younger age than their girlfriends without illness.
Contrary to expectations, significantly more of the healthy friends had repeated a grade in school than had those with chronic illness (p=002).
Results are discussed in terms of the interrelationships of chronic illness, gender, and environment on problem behaviors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Milieu urbain, Trouble comportement social, Délinquance juvénile, Comportement sexuel, Echec scolaire, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Maladie, Chronique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Urban environment, Social behavior disorder, Juvenile delinquency, Sexual behavior, School failure, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Disease, Chronic, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0001346
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 01/03/1996.