Active epilepsy in mentally retarded children. I : Prevalence and additional neuroimpairments.
A population-based study of active epilepsy was conducted in 6-13-year-old mentally retarded children born between 1975 and 1986.
The population at risk comprised 48 873 children.
Ninety-eight children were identified, 35 mildly and 63 severely retarded.
The prevalence was 2.0 per 1000 ; 0.7 per 1000 for mildly and 1.3 per 1000 for severely retarded children.
Sixty-nine children had at least one additional neuroimpairment.
Cerebral palsy was found in 42 children with a majority of spastic/dystonic tetraplegias ; visual impairment was present in 24 and autism in 24.
Thirty-three children had only a mild or no gross motor disability and mild mental retardation, while 23 had IQs<20 and a very severe gross motor disability.
This study underlines the fact that active epilepsy in mentally retarded children is often associated with additional neuroimpairments, especially a combination of severe cerebral palsy and severe visual impairment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Système nerveux pathologie, Epilepsie, Association, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Suède, Europe, Prévalence, Encéphale pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Arriération mentale, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble neurologique, Etude cohorte
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nervous system diseases, Epilepsy, Association, Epidemiology, Child, Human, Sweden, Europe, Prevalence, Cerebral disorder, Central nervous system disease, Mental retardation, Intellectual deficiency, Neurological disorder, Cohort study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0000620
Code Inist : 002B17A03. Création : 01/03/1996.