The emergence of HIV infection and AIDS has refocused concern on the obligations surrounding the carrying and transmission of communicable diseases.
This article asks three related questions : Is there a general duty not to spread contagion ?
Are there special obligations not to communicate disease in the workplace ?
And does the mode of transmission of the disease affect the ethics of transmission and, if so, how and to what extent ?
There seems to be a strong prima facie obligation not to harm others by making them ill where this is avoidable, and this obligation not to communicate disease applies as much to relatively trivial diseases like the common cold as it does to HIV disease.
The reasonableness of expecting people to live up to this obligation, however, depends on society reciprocating the obligation in the form of providing protection and compensation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Immunopathologie, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prévention, Homme, Immunodéficit, Transmission homme homme, Royaume Uni, Europe, Ethique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Immunopathology, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Prevention, Human, Immune deficiency, Transmission from man to man, United Kingdom, Europe, Ethics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0000517
Code Inist : 002B31. Création : 01/03/1996.