Hepatitis B immunization in adolescents.
This article reviews the epidemiology of hepatitis B in the United States, previous vaccination strategy, and reasons for its failure and issues leading to the recommendation to vaccinate all adolescents.
A review of specific hepatitis B virus risk behaviors of adolescents and barriers to vaccinating adolescents is covered.
Strategies that favor successful completion of the immunization series are also examined.
Hepatitis B infection is an important public health concern for adolescents.
The previous vaccine strategy to immunize only individuals thought to be at high risk was unsuccessful, especially because providers of care could not identify these individuals.
Furthermore, many individuals thought not to be at high risk for infection were exposed through contacts which could not be identified.
Challenges to immunization of adolescents include logistical issues, patient education, cost of the vaccine, and patient compliance.
Several of these issues can be addressed by a school-based hepatitis B immunization program.
The body of evidence and national policy is rapidly changing to support the recommendation that all adolescents receive the hepatitis B immunization series.
The series would be most effective if administered during the middle-school years.
A universal adolescent hepatitis B vaccination program would result in the most immediate health benefits and acceleration toward the eradication of hepatitis B in the United States.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Prévention, Vaccination, Immunisation, Epidémiologie, Programme sanitaire, Article synthèse, Etats Unis, Adolescent, Virose, Infection, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Prevention, Vaccination, Immunization, Epidemiology, Sanitary program, Review, United States, Adolescent, Viral disease, Infection, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0595701
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.