Reported prevalence of attentional difficulties in a general sample of college students.
International Neuropsychological Society's Sixteenth European conference. American Psychological Association. Annual convention. Angers FRA ; Los Angeles, CA, USA, 1994/06 - 1994/08.
The present study investigated the self-reported prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in 770 college students using the Adult Rating Scale and the Wender Utah Rating Scale.
Psychometric properties of these scales were explored.
The study also investigated the performance of students with ADHD symptoms, relative to students without ADHD symptoms, on a battery of neuropsychological tasks.
Results revealed that 7 and 8% of the students reported significant symptoms (i.e., 1.5 SD above the mean) on the Adult Rating Scale and the Wender Utah Rating scale, respectively, and 2.5% reported significant symptoms on both the Adult Rating Scale and the Wender Utah Rating Scale.
Using more stringent criteria (two standard deviations), fewer (i. e, 4,3.8%, and 0.5%) subjects reported significant symptoms associated with ADHD.
Between-group differences were found on one of the neuropsychological tasks.
The construct validity of the rating scales was supported.
Limitations and implications for future research are advanced.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble attention, Hyperactivité, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Adulte jeune, Homme, Test clinique, Psychométrie, Validation test, Test neuropsychologique, Cognition, Adult Rating Scale Weyandt, Utah Rating Scale Wender, Fonction exécutive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Attentional disorder, Hyperactivity, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Young adult, Human, Clinical test, Psychometrics, Test validation, Neuropsychological test, Cognition
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0595146
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 01/03/1996.