Obsessive-compulsive disorder in a birth cohort of 18-year-olds : prevalence and predictors.
To report descriptive epidemiological information on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in an unselected birth cohort of 930 males and females, aged 18 years.
An epidemiological study of the prevalence of self-reported OCD at age 18, and a longitudinal analysis of the prospective predictors of OCD.
Using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, the authors found a 1-year prevalence rate of 4%, with a male-female ratio of 0.7 : 1. The majority of OCD cases met criteria for a comorbid disorder, most commonly depression (62%), social phobia (38%), and substance dependence (alcohol 24%, marijuana 19%). Conclusions : Data collected on the sample from birth to age 18 years indicated that many childhood risk factors theorized in the literature did not predict OCD in this sample.
However, a history of depression and substance use were prospective risk factors for OCD.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obsession compulsion, Trouble anxieux, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Prédiction, Association morbide, Trouble psychiatrique, Facteur risque, Antécédent, Etude longitudinale, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obsessive compulsive disorder, Anxiety disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Prediction, Concomitant disease, Mental disorder, Risk factor, Antecedent, Follow up study, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0591972
Code Inist : 002B18C08B. Création : 01/03/1996.