Based on our research of volunteers at Gay Men's Health Crisis (GMHC) in New York City, we developed a typology of AIDS volunteers derived from their responses to our Reasons for Volunteering scale.
The scale included six basic reasons, three of which were AIDS-specific and three of which represented more general reasons for doing volunteer work.
Cluster analysis was used to identify sub-groups in this sample, from which we identified seven distinct and meaningful types of volunteers.
One type, which we labeled Self-Sacrificers, is the closest we could find to a group of altruists-volunteers who indicated that self-gain was unimportant to them.
While the volunteers who endorsed AIDS-related reasons for volunteering were most likely to be gay men and to have had significant prior AIDS-related experiences, each cluster was markedly heterogeneous in terms of demographic characteristics.
Implications are drawn for the management of volunteers in community-based AIDS organizations and for further research on helping behavior and altruism.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Support social, Communauté, Volontariat, Motivation, Typologie, Altruisme, Démographie, Etats Unis, Homosexualité, Mâle, Homme, Virose, Infection, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Social support, Community, Volunteering, Motivation, Typology, Altruism, Demography, United States, Homosexuality, Male, Human, Viral disease, Infection, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0590304
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.