The recent publication of the 1994 OPCS survey of smoking among secondary school children confirmed that the Health of the Nation target for children's smoking (a reduction in regular smoking from 8% in 1988 to less than 6% in 1994) has not been achieved.
In 1994,12% of English schoolchildren aged 11-15 were regular smokers (as were 12% in Scotland, 9% in Wales, and 12.5% in Northern Ireland).
In 1994 the government spent around £10 million on initiatives to prevent smoking, but received around £8643 million in tax receipts from tobacco sales, about £108 million of which was tax receipts from the illegal sale of cigarettes to children under 16 years old.
The tobacco industry spent an estimated £100 million on promotional activities.
Improving current trends in children's smoking by the year 2000 will require decisive action by the government.
The government should legislate to ban tobacco advertising and should use the £108 million taken each year in taxes from smoking children to fund smoking cessation and prevention initiatives.
Mots-clés Pascal : Economie santé, Tabagisme, Prévention, Toxicité, Enfant, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health economy, Tobacco smoking, Prevention, Toxicity, Child, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0584085
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 01/03/1996.