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  1. The economic cost and social and psychological impact of musculoskeletal conditions.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To provide an indication of the economic, social, and psychological impact of musculoskeletal conditions in the United States.

    Methods

    Review of the literature combined with estimates of data concerning health care utilization and acute and chronic disability due to musculoskeletal conditions, from the 1990-1992 National Health Interview Survey.

    Results

    The cost of musculoskeletal conditions was $149.4 billion in 1992, of which 48% was due to direct medical care costs and the remainder was due to indirect costs resulting from wage losses.

    This amount translates to ~2.5% of the Gross National Product, a sharp rise since the prior studies, even if part of the increase is an artifact of improved accounting methods.

    Each year, persons with musculoskeletal conditions make 315 million physician visits, have more than 8 million hospital admissions, and experience ~1.5 billion days of restricted activity.

    Approximately 42% of persons with musculoskeletal conditions-more than 17 million in all-are limited in their activities.

    Conclusion

    The economic and social costs of musculoskeletal conditions are substantial.

    These conditions are responsible for a sizable amount of health care use and disability, and they significantly affect the psychological status of the individuals with the conditions as well as their families.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Muscle strié pathologie, Homme, Economie santé, Analyse coût, Coût social, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Article synthèse

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Striated muscle disease, Human, Health economy, Cost analysis, Social cost, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Review

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0581567

    Code Inist : 002B15I. Création : 01/03/1996.