First-responder automated external defibrillation (AED) in the hospital is consistent with the American Heart Association's (AHA) early defibrillation standard or care.
With trained personnel and automated external defibrillators immediately available, early defibrillation should have a greater impact on survival than early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
Therefore, in our hospitals we modified basic life support to include automated external defibrillation (BLS-AED) for all personnel who are expected to respond to a cardiac arrest, with rapid defibrillation taking priority over CPR.
We describe how we organized and implemented this hospital-wide first-responder BLS-AED program.
Planning the process includes gaining support from key leaders who are responsible for resuscitation practice, and identifying the target audience of the training program.
Hospital unit needs for AED or conventional defibrillation and equipment must be identified, the training program developed, and existing policies and procedures modified.
Several barriers to implementation may exist.
Education about the efficacy and safety of AED and experience once the BLS-AED program is in place can overcome attitudes and bias.
Concerns about the cost of equipment and training must be addressed.
Program evaluation may include patient issues such as measuring the time to the first defibrillation and patient outcome ; as well as training and retention issues.
Mots-clés Pascal : Défibrillation, Secours première urgence, Milieu hospitalier, Hôpital, Organisation hospitalière, Implémentation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Réanimation cardiocirculatoire, Traitement instrumental
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Defibrillation, First emergency care, Hospital environment, Hospital, Hospital organization, Implementation, Human, United States, North America, America, Intensive cardiocirculatory care, Instrumentation therapy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0579914
Code Inist : 002B27B01. Création : 01/03/1996.