American Public Health Association. Annual meeting. Washington DC USA, 1994/11.
To examine specific risks for occupational injury deaths in New Mexico.
Retrospective review of state medical investigator reports from 1980 through 1991 with regard to industry, agent of death, gender, ethnicity, location, and alcohol and other drug involvement.
New Mexico residents who were fatally injured while on the job.
We identified 613 deaths : 87.1% unintentional, 10.6% homicides, and 2.3% suicides.
Industries with the most fatalities were construction (11.8%), oil/gas (10.6%), and farming (8.6%). The primary agents of death were motor vehicles (41.7%), firearms (10.1%), and falling objects (10.0%). Almost all (95.6%) of the decedents were male.
However, females were overrepresented among homicide deaths (P<. 0001).
Most unintentional injuries occurred in rural areas (69.1%), whereas most homicides (73.4%) and suicides (71.4%) occurred in urban areas.
Drug or alcohol use was evident in 19.4% of cases.
New Mexico has a high rate of occupational injury death, which appears to be associated with rural location and use of motor vehicles and alcohol.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident travail, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Nouveau Mexique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational accident, Mortality, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, New Mexico, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0575864
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 01/03/1996.