Personnel of inner-city emergency departments (EDs), which are frequently the only source of medical care for many patients, may be in a unique position to detect human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection earlier than personnel at other recommended screening sites.
To assist development of ED-based screening strategies for HIV infection, we undertook a serosurvey of HIV infection in adult patients attending an ED during a 6-week period in 1992 using an identity-unlinked technique and compared our findings with data collected similarly in 1988.
Of 1,606 patients, 183 (11.4%) were HIV-positive, compared with 6.0% in 1988.
Seroprevalence rates of HIV infection among patients only at risk of heterosexual transmission increased more than fourfold (7% to 30.3%). CD4+cell counts were higher in those patients with undiagnosed HIV infection than in those with known HIV infection.
Targeting minority patients aged 25-44 years, intravenous drug users, and those patients at heterosexual risk would have identified 87% of patients with new HIV infection, while requiring screening of 41% of the study sample.
Targeted voluntary screening programs in certain EDs would likely detect significant numbers of new early HIV infections.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Anticorps, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Service hospitalier, Homme, Urgence, Dépistage, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Antibody, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, United States, North America, America, Hospital ward, Human, Emergency, Medical screening, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0570150
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 01/03/1996.