Energized by the growth of the basic sciences during the latter half of the 20th century, gastroenterology advanced from a modest clinical activity to an increasingly scientific discipline.
The decisive change followed World War II, when the Office of Scientific Research and Development transferred university and industry wartime research contracts to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), followed by establishment of the National Science Foundation and the General Medicine Study Section (NIH).
Other factors contributing to the progress of gastroenterology included :
(1) the increasing body of scientific knowledge ;
(2) innovative technological advances ;
(3) philanthropic, pharmaceutical, and governmental (NIH) support of research ;
(4) emphasis on controlled clinical and laboratory studies ;
and (5) the enlarging global scientific communication network.
Selected highlights on the evolving knowledge of gastrointestinal hormones and the discovery of cholecystography illustrate some of the pathways of gastroenterology's 20th century advance.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gastroentérologie, Progrès technique, Siècle 20eme, Historique, Etude critique, Homme, Appareil digestif
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gastroenterology, Technical progress, Century 20th, Case history, Critical study, Human, Digestive system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0555266
Code Inist : 002B01. Création : 01/03/1996.