A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of three outreach interventions to promote well-child screening for children on Medicaid.
In rural North Carolina, a random sample of 2053 families with children due or overdue for screening was stratified according to the presence of a home phone.
Families were randomly assigned to receive a mailed pamphlet and letter, a phone call, or a home visit outreach intervention, or the usual (control) method of informing at Medicaid intake.
All interventions produced more screenings than the control method, but increases were significant only for families with phones.
Among families with phones, a home visit was the most effective intervention but a phone call was the most cost-effective.
However, absolute rates of effectiveness were low, and incremental costs per effect were high.
Pamphlets, phone calls, and home visits by nurses were minimally effective for increasing well-child screenings.
Alternate outreach methods are needed, especially for families without phones.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Dépistage, Programme sanitaire, Appel téléphonique, A domicile, Analyse coût efficacité, Economie santé, Infirmier, Milieu rural, Caroline du Nord, Medicaid, Visite, Courrier, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Medical screening, Sanitary program, Telephone call, At home, Cost efficiency analysis, Health economy, Nurse, Rural environment, North Carolina, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0554323
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 01/03/1996.