An anonymous questionnaire was completed by 369 nurses in public health departments in a rural Southeastern state to examine the relationship between nurses'prior HIV training and their HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, concerns, and perceived training needs.
The survey was conducted in three predominantly urban counties with the highest number of AIDS cases and in 38 rural counties with two or fewer reported AIDS cases.
Knowledge answers were generally 70% - 90% correct and attitudes more favorable than unfavorable.
Attitude was more frequently associated with HIV training level than was knowledge.
Concerns about working with persons with high-risk behaviors were expressed by more than half the nurses and were more prevalent in rural areas.
Nurses with more training had more concerns about client care and fewer fears about HIV work.
Almost all (85%) were concerned about lack of community resources.
Most nurses wanted more training of the client-sensitive type provided by the state.
With the increasing incidence of HIV\AIDS in rural areas, planning continuing education for staff not only on new developments and current therapies (desired by 98%) but on managing feelings about clients with high-risk behaviors seems especially important not only for the staff, but for their significant others and communities.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infirmier, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Attitude, SIDA, Connaissance, Autoperception, Besoin, Formation professionnelle, Milieu rural, Etats Unis, Virose, Infection, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nurse, Health staff, Human, Attitude, AIDS, Knowledge, Self perception, Need, Occupational training, Rural environment, United States, Viral disease, Infection, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0551727
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 01/03/1996.